The future of IoT

IoT, a short for the term “Internet of Things” can be described as a system of interconnected computing devices with the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring either human-to-human interaction or human-to-computer interaction. IoT describes a universe of connected devices where devices pass data to one another in an intelligent manner.

The number of IoT devices in the world today is greater than the number of humans living in the world today and according to the estimations made by Gartner1, a world-leading research company, there will be more than 20 billion devices connected to the IoT by the year 2020, this is not the case some fifty years ago as a connection of devices exchanging information in an intelligent manner exists only in science fiction books.

In the years to come revolutions in IoT will even outweigh what we are experiencing now and what we have experienced in the past, the future prospects of IoT will alter the way we live like never before. As the whole planet gets connected and IoT becomes ubiquitous, the IoT is expected to be accompanied by a number of challenges and the most significant of these challenges are security concerns as more devices acquire connectivity.

IoT trends: The Past, The Present, and The Future.

IoT is not a relatively new concept, the idea of interconnected devices has been around as far back as 1982 when a Coke vending machine at Carnegie Mellon University in the USA was connected to the internet and students were able to see the inventory of drinks in the machine.

IoT predictions have revealed that the IoT trends started in the past will continue into the far future and IoT will affect every industry, from retail to education, to manufacturing, to agriculture and other industries, it is then important for you to observe these trends and take note of the IoT trends that could affect your life and business.

Connected Devices and The Use of smart products.

Almost all consumer products will be “IoT” themed as manufacturers will keep on venturing into producing “connected” products, our cars will be connected, we will all live in smart homes, our cars will park themselves at the proper parking space when we go to work in our smart offices, virtual assistants at home will automatically detect our moods when we get home from work and if we are down, they would seek to lift us by playing the right music or turn up certain lights.

Air pollution by cars will be a thing of the past and traffic congestion too as sensors will be embedded in traffic lights and they will be able to control the traffic based on what it looks like at a particular time.

The agricultural sector will be connected in an automated matter too. Farming practices such as the planting up to the harvesting of maize will be fed to mobile devices in a real-time mode and in the power sector, smart meters will also be connected so that users will have in their own hands the motivation to manage better their power consumption.

Smart Cities.

Cities of the future will use the IoT for many purposes; intelligent lighting systems, street meters among others. These cities will use information collected via IoT sensors to enhance the quality of city services like transportation and energy, this will, in turn, enhance the quality of life of the city dwellers. The recent introduction of the 5G network technology today in 2019 will make the rollout of smart city projects faster around the world, many cities around the world will explore the IoT technology and how its infrastructure can create efficiency in the cities.

IoT for Businesses.

As businesses seek to cut operating costs and boost productivity, connecting performance management software in the workplace to the IoT will ensure an efficient gathering of performance data thus providing an advantage for your business.

What about The Future of IoT Security?

The New trends in IoT, however, will pose a number of challenges, devices connected to IoT definitely store a lot of information and these devices are frequently communicating with a host of other connected devices, this makes the privacy of an individual vulnerable and since the IoT will revolutionize the education sector, health and medicine, transport, agriculture, sport, and entertainment, a certain fundamental question still remains; what would happen if a certain group of people or a certain person can access my personal data? Certainly, this question touch on how new technology will affect the individual.

IoT creates a path for a valuable device-to-device communication as it connects every device across the world to the internet and with more and more devices obtaining connectivity via IoT, there are potential security risks which ranges from malware input to digital data breaches by cybercriminals, large corporations and even governments.

Choosing a reputable IoT device vendor is a realistic solution to the security challenges posed by the emergence of the IoT, as IoT vendors work continuously to ensure vulnerabilities in their products are fixed over time.

Final Thoughts

While we have come to the end of this article about connecting all the goods of the world we live in together, we believe the IoT will make the lives of billions of people comfortable. However, the future of IoT comes with increased concerns as it is wrong to assume that everyone will have full knowledge of emerging technologies such as the IoT. There will be a lot of individuals in the Western industrialized capitals (not to mention the huge population of the developing world) who will find it difficult to come to terms with new developments in the IoT technology.

On the brighter side, a lot of necessary steps are being taken today to educate the general populace about the IoT and how to make the right choices as far as the implications of new technology such as the IoT are concerned, and more efforts will be geared towards keeping the individuals’ data safe in the future.

1 https://www.gartner.com/imagesrv/books/iot/iotEbook_digital.pdf